Emerging Biomarkers and Targeting Therapies in Feline Mannary Carcinoma


Free PMC article


Feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is a common aggressive malignancy with a low survival rate that lacks viable therapeutic options beyond mastectomy. Recently, increasing efforts have been made to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying FMC development, using the knowledge gained from studies on human breast cancer to discover new diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers, thus reinforcing the utility of the cat as a cancer model. In this article, we review the current knowledge on FMC pathogenesis, biomarkers, and prognosis factors and offer new insights into novel therapeutic options for HER2-positive and triple-negative FMC subtypes.

Keywords: biomarkers; comparative oncology model; feline her2 mutations; feline mammary carcinoma; targeted therapies.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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